If spring and summer are two key seasons for the activity in the vegetable garden, there is also a lot going on in the fall! However, many gardeners tend to neglect it a bit. Between the dead leaves which fall and the vegetation which withers or burns under the effect of the frost, one can indeed be tempted to think that gardening is a wasted effort. And yet, many plants thrive despite the cold. Flowers, herbs, vegetables… there is something to color the garden in autumn. So, gardeners, quickly find out what you can grow between September and November!
Before proceeding with any planting, remember to put the soil “like new”! After the summer, the ground is indeed very often dry and compacted. The soil has tended to become impoverished and there are traces left by the summer plantings: dying plants, dead leaves, roots, etc. Clean the soil a little and possibly add a little green manure to prepare the ground if you deem it necessary. Your fall vegetables will only grow better.
1) lamb’s lettuce
The period between September and October is ideal for sowing a few seeds in the garden without covering them. Keep the soil moist with a veil or burlap so you can harvest it all winter. The lucky ones will even have them until early spring.
Indispensable in a hot soup, a morning smoothie or in a pan, spinach can be planted in winter. Here you just have to opt for a winter variety to be planted preferably in September. As soon as the first leaves appear, you will have to thin the plantation by removing the less vigorous leaves. You can eat your spinach within about three weeks.
3) winter lettuce
Often, successful harvests in fall-winter depend on choosing the right varieties. Those that are more resistant to cold are your best allies here. Winter lettuce is a fine example that reminds salad lovers that they don’t have to go without it once the beautiful season has passed. A little tip: in your vegetable patch, consider planting lettuce in rows spaced about 50 cm apart so that it has room to grow. A soil kept moist will end up satisfying her.
This root vegetable can thrive even if its soil is fresh. This is particularly the case of the rothild carrot, a late variety to be planted in October. However, it will be necessary to provide some arrangements such as mulching or a protective tunnel if the winters are particularly cold in your region. This allows a harvest by the end of winter.
Indispensable in cooking, garlic is generally sown in autumn, especially purple garlic as well as white garlic. For growing in a pot or in the ground, however, you will need a sunny spot even in winter and a well-drained soil. Garlic hates too much humidity. You can add a handful of sand to the soil if necessary.
If the autumns are milder around your home, planting root vegetables is definitely possible. We have already mentioned the carrot, but the rutabaga is another good example. Frost does not scare him as long as the soil is well drained and the soil is mulched if necessary.
7) Chinese cabbage
Don’t you have a green thumb? In this case, Chinese cabbage is your best option because it is very easy to care for. In addition, he fears the sun and strong heat. Of all the vegetables, it is therefore perhaps the ideal candidate for having something to do this winter! You will find it very easily in garden centers to be able to sow it or simply transplant it. If you live in a temperate region, it should do very well in your vegetable patch. Otherwise, make a place for it in a greenhouse or under a wintering veil.
If watercress thrives in the fall, it is mainly because it loathes the heat and the sun. Enemy of drought, it likes to keep the soil moist so remember to water its shallow seeds regularly. From time to time, all you have to do is lighten the rows by removing the damaged leaves.
Colorful and delicious, chicory is always very popular with gardeners in winter, because it resists the cold quite well. Water regularly and thin out the rows from time to time for successful maintenance with flying colors!
Arugula hates heat. Autumn is therefore a season of choice for planting it (between September and October). It will take about twenty days to be able to reap the results of your labor.
In autumn, it’s not just vegetables!
Of course, this article only talked about fall vegetables. However, many varieties of plants thrive in the fall. So, you can also completely consider sowing flowers to color the garden with a thousand colors. No reason to keep beautiful flower beds only for the spring season! Dress up your outdoor spaces with tulips, dahlias, pansies, crocuses, peonies, irises, hyacinths, chrysanthemums, etc.