During an outbreak, atopic dermatitis (or atopic eczema) is accompanied by redness, but also and above all by itching which can be very unpleasant. Faced with this highly pruritic skin disease (which causes itching), you can sometimes feel a little helpless, because sometimes nothing seems to calm the discomfort for a long time. We are then ready to do anything to relieve ourselves, even if it means making mistakes that can make the situation worse! Discover the things not to do during an attack of eczema.
Mistake 1: Deviating from the routine prescribed by your dermatologist
Topical corticosteroid creams (to reduce inflammation) and other emollients (to moisturize the skin) prescribed by your dermatologist are essential to calm your eczema during flare-ups. Avoid using other products on the affected areas throughout the period when your skin is sensitized. In particular, limit the antiseptics and the skincare that contains fragrances (very irritating to plaques). Finally, avoid touching your plaques once your treatments have been applied and reapplying your topical corticosteroid more than once or twice a day following your prescription, at the risk of obtaining adverse effects.
Mistake 2: Putting ice directly on his eczema
The sudden change in temperature risks attacking your already very fragile skin cells while hindering the proper functioning of your lipid barrier. Indeed, the water retained in the skin evaporates and the allergens can then penetrate it more easily, which can worsen the situation. The skin is also exposed to a risk of burns, especially if it concerns fragile areas such as in the case of a eye eczema. Also, avoid direct contact between your skin and the ice by adding a clean cloth and do not keep the ice pack on your skin for more than five minutes. Do not hesitate to put a bottle of thermal water in the fridge to refresh yourself without harming your fragile skin.
Mistake 3: Scratching his patches of eczema
Scratching calls for scratching and worsens the pruritus (itching) in the skin lesions. To break this vicious cycle, identify the triggering or aggravating factors (including the times when scratching occurs), and find ways to occupy your hands and mind. Some people also resort to alternative solutions such as wearing mittens or cotton gloves and using a feather, a pebble or a fan to ‘scratch’ themselves. The use of relaxing or fun activities (reading, sophrology, meditation, yoga, etc.) can help reduce the stress that promotes flare-ups. Finally, remember to always keep your fingernails short.
Mistake 4: Using natural remedies indiscriminately
Alternative remedies can bring you relief. However, who says « natural » does not say not necessarily « harmless ». However, many natural solutions involve the use of essential oils which can be extremely allergenic and thus promote inflammation on your already injured skin. So always remember to test the natural ingredients in the crease of your elbow before applying them to your plates. Also, seek the advice of a doctor or pharmacist before you start.
Mistake 5: Consuming certain foods in the midst of an eczema attack
Even without a food allergy, some food should be limited, as they can promote inflammatory reactions Where make sweat more acidic. Reduce refined sugar (sodas, candies, pastries, etc.), bad fats (butter, margarine, industrial foods, cooked fresh cream, etc.), nuts and peanuts (potentially allergenic, but to be checked with an allergist) ), but also dairy products rich in lactose if you are sensitive to it. Depending on the person, reducing your gluten consumption can also sometimes help in the event of a crisis.
Mistake 6: Too much sun exposure
One may have the impression that sun exposure is good for the skin. However, these positive effects are often rather attributable to milder summer weather (less dry and windy than winter). So avoid skipping sunscreen or exposing yourself too much to natural or artificial UV rays, thereby increasing your risk of skin cancer, but also damaging and drying it out. Remember that medically, phototherapy is only used in very rare cases of eczema and in a very controlled manner.