Race / Ethnicity
While it’s not known why, prostate cancer is about 70 percent more likely to occur in African American men than in those who are Caucasian or Hispanic.
The American Society of Clinical Oncology adds that African American men are also « more likely to develop prostate cancer at an earlier age and to have aggressive tumors that grow quickly. » As a result, they are twice as likely to need surgical treatment as Caucasian males.
Prostate cancer can also occur in a person’s family. Known as familial prostate cancer, the American Society of Clinical Oncology claims that it occurs in about 20% of cases and develops due to a « combination of shared genes and environmental or mode factors. shared lives ”.
If a man’s father or brother has been affected by prostate cancer, the American Cancer Society says it « more than doubles a man’s risk of developing this disease. » While many relatives have developed the disease, the source adds that the risk is even higher, « especially if their loved ones were young when the cancer was discovered. »
Although they represent only a small number of cases, some inherited genetic mutations can increase a man’s risk of developing prostate cancer. One type is a mutation of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes (especially the latter).
Lynch syndrome, which is caused by hereditary genetic changes, increases a man’s risk of developing many different cancers, including the prostate. For men with these mutations, the American Society of Clinical Oncology suggests that they should be screened for prostate cancer at an earlier age.