Advanced signs of prostate cancer
When prostate cancer spreads to other tissues beyond the prostate, a variety of other symptoms may develop. A sign of advanced prostate cancer is problems with the bladder and urinary tract such as more frequent urination, the feeling of having to urinate often but not passing anything, incontinence and the presence of blood in the urine.
Unexplained weight loss, fatigue, and pain in the back, thighs, or hips are also common. People with advanced prostate cancer may also have unusual bowel habits such as constipation or bloody stools. If you develop any of these symptoms, be sure to see your doctor immediately.
Prostate cancer treatment options
Doctor-recommended prostate cancer treatment will depend about the stage of the cancer and whether it has spread. The general state of health, age and personal preferences of the patient are also determining factors for treatment.
Active surveillance is often recommended for younger men. If the patient is older or wants to start treatment, doctors may advise radiation therapy or radical prostatectomy.
Depending on the size of the cancer, active surveillance may still be an option. Doctors may also recommend radiation therapy, brachytherapy, hormone therapy, or a combination of these treatments.
Treatment options for cancers that have spread locally may include radiation therapy plus hormone therapy, radical prostatectomy, and removal of pelvic lymph nodes.
Advanced prostate cancer may warrant chemotherapy. Additional treatment options are radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and surgery to relieve symptoms such as urinary obstruction.