upkeep, watering, varieties & suggestions


The cordyline is a plant native to Oceania precisely from Australia, hence its most famous name  »cordyline australis »

It is part of the Asparagaceae family and has its requirements and constraints.


Cordyline is a plant from the Asparagaceae family that is grown differently depending on the area and the time. It can be grown in open ground but also in pots in gardens and on balconies. It supports heat, light and drought but also cold.

It is not too demanding in maintenance once it reaches adulthood.

The name Cordyline retains the same spelling in many languages: English-German-Spanish-Dutch-Norwegian,….etc

Cordyline in pictures


Where to plant Cordylines?

When deciding to plant the cordylines, you must arrange the soil properly by providing a potting soil well-drained potting.

It is grown in the ground when weather conditions permit. A moderate winter is bearable as well as a temperate climate.

Well drained, it is to mix your compost with granulated sand or gravel

This place must be a place lit by sunlight or not, but not directly exposed to the sun’s rays.

Cordyline is also grown in pots if outdoor conditions are not favorable

With which plants or shrubs associate cordyline?

If you live in a temperate region, you can combine these plants with your cordylines.

These are: Trachycarpus wagnerianus or miniature palm, Royal Proteus, Euphorbia characias, Nolina hibernica, Ferrule, Watsonias, Kniphofias, cannas, Crocosmias and Carex

You can also associate them with species from Australia. These species have the same climates and support the same climatic constraints.

We can cite these few;

Pittosporum tenuifolium Tom Thumb, Pseudopanax Ferox, Olearia macrodonta ‘Major’ or New Zealand holly.

Cordylines and snow:

Young sprouts have difficulty surviving the passage of snow.

Some young plants strangely manage to withstand cold temperatures down to -14°. This is not the case with others whose roots rot if the snow is prolonged.

At the time of the snows, you will not let your young plants undergo the law of the snows. Find a way to spare them from prolonged snowfalls.

However, it should be noted that young plants with very well-drained soil do not suffer too much from snow disturbances. They tolerate freshness much better than those whose soil is poorly drained or poorly drained.

How to maintain cordyline?

Cordyline care begins with watering. This watering must be done regularly, at least twice a week in summer and at least once a week in winter.

As soon as you are in a moment of great heat, you can water it every day morning or evening.

Pay attention to the amount of water you are going to give it. You’re not going to overdo it lest your plants’ leaves turn yellow and die.

Maintenance also involves pruning ugly, yellow or dry stems, branches and leaves.

Your plant also needs the fertilizer to be  »overweight » and to have easy flowering.

The fertilizer to be added will be diluted with the irrigation water.

Why do leaf tips turn yellow?

According to experience, the yellowing of the leaves of a plant is often due either to the dryness of the compost or the earth on which it is planted, or to excess water from watering.

So, if your cordyline leaves are turning yellow, check to see if your plant is suffering from lack of water or too much water.

Before you know it’s lack of water, it would mean that you haven’t watered it for almost a month.

You can imagine it is overwatering if you are dumping way too much water on your plant.

If you find yourself in either of these two facts, review the frequency and amount of water you water your plant.

The third factor may be due to excess fertilizer or the addition of undiluted fertilizer.


The Cordyline has several varieties. Each variety has its flowering season, its beauty and its characteristics.

The most used variety is cordyline australis.

This variety is subdivided into several other varieties. These different varieties do not all have the same flowering seasons.

Here are some small examples:

Varieties and flowering season:

Cordyline australis (May to June)

Cordyline australis Sundance (June to July)

Cordyline australis Red Star (July to Sept)

Cordyline australis Southern Splendor (July to Sept)

Cordyline australis Sunrise (July to Sept)

The seasons mentioned above cover almost most all varieties of cordyline australis

Here is a non-exhaustive list of the varieties of cordyline that we could find:

Cordyline australis Purpurea

Cordyline australis Coffee Cream

Cordyline australis Albertii

Cordyline australis Red Star

Cordyline variegata

Cordyline indivisa

Cordyline stricta


Like all plants, excess water is very harmful to Cordylines regardless of its variety.

Watering should be done moderately according to each season (summer or winter) or once a week in winter and once a day in summer.

The amount of water during each watering should be moderate so as not to suffocate the roots with water, which will cause yellowing and premature leaf drop.

At each interval of 3 weeks, the fertilizer will be diluted in the irrigation water to ensure better development for your cordylines.


You are in an environment where it freezes frequently, to successfully cultivate your cordyline, enrich your compost or drain your soil well using granulated sand from the rivers. You have the option of taking cuttings from your plant in the ground or in a pot.

Whether in the ground or in a pot, water your young plant regularly until it begins to sprout.

It is best to wait for the frost to pass before any act of cutting cordylines in open ground.

When it comes to potty use, you don’t have to worry about that. Try to protect your pot containing your cordyline from freezing.

German Cordyline in pictures

Spanish Cordyline in picture below


In conclusion, we note that cordyline is one of the easiest plants to grow and care for. It can be grown anywhere in the world in any climate. It tolerates hot and cold. Its young shoots are slightly hostile to frost. It is also a plant that coexists easily with other plants of the same family.

Its diversity and the beauty of its flowers are an asset for this plant.

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