Fantasy versus actuality about vasectomy


4. Myth: It causes impotence

A common myth about vasectomy is that it causes impotence, the inability to get and maintain an erection in order to have intercourse or perform other sexual acts. However, a vasectomy does not cause impotence. The procedure seals off the tube that carries sperm (the urethra), preventing sperm from being released during ejaculation. This does not lead to impotence in any way, as a vasectomy does not affect or limit the production of male hormones. Also, the release or lack of release of semen is not related to impotence.

Some people worry about a vasectomy causing impotence because they believe that preventing the release of sperm during ejaculation decreases a man’s ability to maintain an erection. However, semen makes up very little of the fluid released during ejaculation compared to semen, so there is not much difference after a vasectomy. In fact, it’s so minimal that you won’t notice any visual difference. At the end of the day, the sperm still produced, even after a vasectomy, is usually successfully absorbed into the body, causing no difference or repercussions.

5. Reality: No increased risk of disease

Aside from sexually transmitted infections (STIs) that you should always be aware of and protect yourself from, there is no increased risk of disease associated with a vasectomy. And this procedure does not put you at risk of developing cancer, especially prostate and testicular cancer, as some believe. Many surgeries and medical procedures are mistakenly thought to cause diseases like cancer, but that is simply not the case. There is no medical explanation for an increased risk of cancer with a vasectomy.

There is always a risk of infection when incisions and stitches are made with any surgery, although this is rare and usually treated very easily by a doctor. Aside from the rare infection, bruising and swelling are what’s most common with vasectomy, though these symptoms don’t usually last beyond a few days. There are a small number of men who suffer because sperm are not successfully released and reabsorbed into the body, but there are options to prevent this from happening.

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