Does that mean you need to be on a low fat diet to feel better? Not necessarily, but if you notice your IBS symptoms getting worse on days when you eat particularly high and fatty meals, especially creamy dishes, cold cuts, fried foods, or fast foods like pizza, then it is worth paying attention.
If fat seems to be your culprit, your doctor or dietitian may recommend that you follow an elimination plan to identify specific triggers of fatty foods, then assess your fat intake to see what kinds of adjustments may be. made according to your personal needs.
Gluten free diet
Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. If you have celiac disease, eating gluten triggers a wobbly immune response that triggers a lot of inflammation, leading to very serious symptoms that can cause intestinal damage. Many people with IBS report experiencing symptoms after eating foods containing gluten, even if they don’t have a wheat allergy or celiac disease, research shows. Experts call this “non-celiac gluten sensitivity”.
“While it is not necessary to avoid gluten if you are not diagnosed with celiac disease, some people with IBS find relief from avoiding gluten,” confirms Henigan. A possible reason for this? These people may actually respond to the elimination of FODMAPs, as many foods that contain gluten also contain FODMAPs. For other people with IBS, eating foods containing gluten is okay and a welcome part of their diet.
If you are unsure about gluten, see your doctor, who can perform the appropriate tests to determine whether or not you have celiac disease or a wheat allergy. If you’ve gotten rid of both and still think gluten can do more harm than good when it comes to your bowel habits, you can work with your doctor or dietitian to develop a gluten elimination diet specifically. You may find that only certain foods that contain gluten, but also, say, tons of fiber, can be involved, so you may not need to avoid all gluten altogether. Once you’ve identified your specific triggers, you can create a balanced plan that meets your needs.
Lactose free diet
Hultin says that if you feel bloated or gassy (or other bothersome gastrointestinal symptoms) after eating lactose, you may want to see your doctor to get tested for lactose intolerance. “The symptoms of lactose intolerance are very similar to the symptoms of IBS, so it’s important to rule out the former,” she says.
If you have IBS and you are lactose intolerant, so avoiding cow’s milk products can help prevent a flare-up. « People with lactose intolerance should avoid foods that contain lactose, including cow’s milk, cheese, yogurt, sour cream, ice cream, buttermilk, cream cheese, butter, and other foods. preparations that might contain these ingredients, ”says Hultin.
Instead, according to the Mayo Clinic, you may want to switch to low-lactose dairy products if you can tolerate them, such as ricotta or kefir, as well as plant-based milks and yogurts.
Is your diet the only trigger for IBS you should be aware of?
IBS is a complex condition, so it’s important to remember that while food is a big piece of the puzzle, it’s not the only thing that could trigger your symptoms. For example, going through a period of intense stress, taking certain medications like NSAIDs, not getting enough exercise, and not getting enough sleep can all contribute to a flare-up of IBS, depending on the person. NIDDK.
This is why it is so important to work closely with your doctor if your digestive symptoms start to take a heavy toll on your life. They may prescribe certain medications that help relieve your specific IBS symptoms and guide you on the best lifestyle changes you need to make to feel more in control of your condition.
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2. Journal of Nurse Practitioners, Discuss the role of food in managing symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome
3. Nutrients, A low-FODMAP diet improves symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome: a meta-analysis
4. Advances in nutrition, Diets low in residue and fiber in the management of gastrointestinal diseases
5. BMJ clinical research, soluble or insoluble fiber in irritable bowel syndrome in primary care? Randomized, placebo-controlled trial